The Bahamas
Head of Government
National Anthem
National Holidays
National Symbols
Also known as:
The place where worlds meet (Source: The Heraldry of the Commonwealth Caribbean)


Forward, Upward, Onward Together


An archipelago state lying about 50 miles off the coast of Florida, extending over 750 miles south-easterly along the coast of Cuba to within 60 miles of Haiti and West of Turks and Caicos Islands. The archipelago comprises about 100,000 square miles with more than 4,000 islands, islets and cays, but it is commonly known as the country of 700 islands. Twenty-nine islands are permanently inhabited.
The islands were colonised by the English in the 16th century and was a British Crown Colony from 1717 until internal self-rule in 1964. It gained independence on 10 July 1973.

Last elections were held in 2007. Next elections due in 2012.

Ruling Party:

Free National Movement (FNM)

Major Political Parties:
Free National Movement (FNM), Progressive Liberal Party (PLP)
Economic Summary:
Tourism is the mainstay of the economy, providing employment directly and indirectly for over 50,000 persons. The industry is oriented mainly towards short-stay visitors and is concentrated in Nassau and in Grand Bahama Island. There is a strong offshore financial services sector. There is also a container trans-shipment port on Grand Bahama, as well as some export manufacturing.
Nassau International (New Providence)
Freeport (Grand Bahama)
Independent: 10 July 1973
Head of State:
H.E. The Hon. Arthur Dion Hanna, Governor General
Head of Government:
Rt. Hon. Hubert A. Ingraham
Prime Minister

Date Of Birth : 04 August, 1947
Marital Status: Married
Studied Law in Chambers in Nassau
1972 - Called to the Bahamas Bar
2000 - Received an Honorary Doctorate from the University of Buckingham, England

Professional/Political Career
1975 - Elected to National General Council of the Progressive Liberal Party (PLP)
1976 - Elected National Chairman of the PLP and member of National Executive Committee
1977 - Elected to the House of Assembly
1982 - Appointed Minister of Housing, National Insurance and Social Services
1982 - Chairman of The Bahamas Mortgage Corporation
1987 - Re-elected to Parliament as an Independent Candidate
1990 - Joined the official Opposition, Party, the Free National Movement (FNM) and elected Party Leader. Appointed Leader of the Official Opposition
1992 - Elected Prime Minister
1993 - Became a member of the Privy Council (UK)
1997 - Re-elected Prime Minister
2007 - Re-elected Prime Minister  

320,665 (2004)
Bahamian dollar
Compulsory from ages 5 to 16 years
Infant mortality rate
17.2 per 1000 live births (2003)
Life expectancy:
Male 70.4 years; Female 77.3 years (2000)
GDP per capita:
EC$29,717 m (1995)
Total Exports:
EC$375.9m (2001)
Total Imports:
EC$1,928.7m (2001)
Intra-Regional Exports:
EC$2.5m (1997)
Intra-Regional Imports:
EC$7.7m (1997)
Business Hours:
Commercial: 09:00 hrs-17:00 hrs Monday to Saturday. Shops close on Thursday afternoons and open on selected Sundays to accommodate cruise ship visits. Government: 09:00 hrs-17:30 hrs Monday to Friday
National Holidays:
New Year's Day (01 January); Good Friday; Easter onday; Whit Monday; Labour Day (02 June); Independence Day (10 July); Emancipation Day (04 August); Discovery Day (12 October); Christmas Day (25 December); Boxing Day (26 December) Holidays that fall on Saturday or Sunday are observed on the following Monday


Date of CARICOM Membership:
4 July 1983
National Anthem:
March on Bahama Land
Lift up your head to the rising sun, Bahama land;
March on to glory, your bright banners waving high.
See how the world marks the manner of your bearing!
Pledge to excel thro' love and unity.
Pressing onward, march together to a common loftier goal;
Steady sunward, tho' the weather hide the wide and treach'rous shoal
Lift up your head to the rising sun, Bahama land;
'Til the road you've trod lead unto your God,

(Words and music by Timothy Gibson)
Highest National Award:
Governor General Award
Favourite Dishes:
Steamed Conch 'N Tomato Paste
Government web page:
National Symbols: